Kathmandu degrading in the name of development

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Kathmandu, Capital city of Nepal and also known as the city of Temple is gradually losing its status these days. With the human civilization, the capital city’s beauty has entered into the phase of retrogression. As the number of peoples grew, the infrastructures of building and roads has built in such a manner that it needs Google to find the free land now. Common properties such as temples, rivers and park become victim of people and their status is depreciating each day.

Must read: The Relevance of Ancient Newari Urban Settlement Patterns to the Global Sustainability Crisis

Kathmandu is the heart of more than 30 lakhs population searching for their status. There are three types of people in Kathmandu:

  1. Those who have lost their status
  2. Those who are in search of their status and
  3. Those who are maintaining their status.

With this dilemma of catch 22, those who are either searching, or maintaining status, the population of Kathmandu has multiplied dramatically. As a result, this historical city has lost its status and people started to modify it as per their stipulation. Multi storied building, narrow roads, bridges and deforestation has distorted the way, the primitive Kathmandu used to be. With the limited resources, peoples have to maintain their daily livelihood. A huge number of people got trapped in search of opportunity and keep on struggling. As a result, the current infrastructure didn’t support the human crowd and their utilities (vehicles). The road started to become narrow for smooth flow of vehicles. People lost on their life maintaining their status, and so did Kathmandu.

The outer ring road is clearly not a solution to traffic but a means for further urban expansion. This is a contentious issue showing a total disconnect between the plans for such development projects from the agreed concept for the valley of containment of urbanization. The Master Plan for Kathmandu developed in late 1960s and early 1970s presented the concept of radial development and containing the built up area to 40 per cent of the valley. Over the past decades, with lack of any kind of zoning controls, planners have begun talking of ensuring 40 per cent of the valley remaining unbuilt. It is therefore quite shocking that the government actually plans a ribbon development. The press statement mentions, “a systematic settlement would be developed in 62,000 ropanis of land integrating 250 metres on either sides of the outer ring road”.

Watch this video on unjustful road expansion in Kathmandu

The absurdity of the project lies in the fact that it will become a catalyst for further urbanisation within the valley. At a time when everyone is promoting decentralisation, the new constitution provides us with a federal system comprising of seven states. The recent tendency has clearly opposed the spirit of the constitution with the creation of numerous authorities and lack of provincial and even local governance.

Furthermore, the present priority should lie in post-disaster rehabilitation. Infrastructure projects seem to have been given higher priority than the rehabilitation of the historic settlements. The authorities that have been sidelined or given just minor parts in the post-disaster recovery process are pushing their own projects to create an impression that their work is essential. Making a ‘separate lane for cycles mandatory along the outer ring road’ hardly justifies this project.

A recent study by independent health organization depicts that the chance of occurring Tuberculosis by this dust has increased by 40%. Due to this, the street business eroded out.
We cannot see the charm of people drinking tea or eating maize at the corner of street. Street business lost their business and hospital earned their valuable patients. Yes it’s true, the cycle of check and balance continues. We hope that the process of building the roads will soon resume and our nest, Kathmandu city will soon regain its status as clean and peace city of the world.

Government authorities often throw around the word “development” while describing the recent trend inside Kathmandu. With the mushrooming high-rise apartment buildings, and of course, the ongoing road expansion project in the various parts of the city, the so called development seems to be rampant all of a sudden. However, before submitting to these claims and letting the government carry on with its “development” plans for Kathmandu, it is imperative that we as inhabitants of Kathmandu understand what it means to live in a more developed city.

Local habitat or road expansion?

In old school development studies, the word “development” was referred to an elevated level of economic activity. Tall buildings and wider roads most definitely spark an increase in the level of economic activity, but they do not define development. Yes, infrastructures such as wider roads that facilitate better mobility inside the city and high-rise buildings that provide crucial commercial and retail space are important to the process of development. But they alone cannot define development.  When improved infrastructures such as wider roads and taller buildings contribute in improving people’s living standard, we can then say that they are contributing to the development of the city. The key here is not to emphasize only on developing physical infrastructure but also increasing their contribution in bringing positive effect in the lives of the people.

In other words, development projects are the ones which ameliorate people’s living standard; not deteriorate existing one. This is why even the international community is increasingly accepting the Human Development Index (HDI) as a metric to measure development. To move up in the Human Development Index, a country not only needs to pay heed to economic growth (a component to which construction of new infrastructures such as roads, factories, etc., contribute to) but also genuinely improves people’s living standard by ensuring quality health, education and environment for its citizens.

Why Kathmandu does not need satellite cities

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Kathmandu’s development should not be evaluated on the basis of whether or not we have four lane roads. More important questions like are these roads going to increase traffic mobility by reducing jams, how beneficial will the wider roads be to pedestrian, what air quality will the people get to breath, and so on should be primarily asked and evaluated. The present implementation of the road widening projects and the way the notion of development is attached to it makes me skeptical about the understanding of the term among politicians and city planners.

From development’s perspective, the current road expansion is particularly concerning for a couple of reasons. Needless to say, in a few years time, much of Kathmandu’s two lane roads will be transformed into four-lane. But does this justify its labeling as a ‘development project’? Is it really going to help the ailing transportation system inside Kathmandu on a sustainable scale? My answer is a resounding no.

The current road expansion project undertaken by the government of Nepal to “rescue” Kathmandu’s populace from the blight of traffic congestion is assuredly going to prove counterproductive in the future. Having wider roads is only a temporary solution for Kathmandu because wider roads invite more cars and eventually the roads are going to be even more congested leading to even more intense traffic jams. Much of the current expansion of roads for gas consuming vehicles has been at the expense of pedestrian footpath. By norm, sidewalks alongside the roads need to be at least 2 meters wide. The new pedestrian sidewalks are barely half of it. Additionally, availability of lesser space has nullified the possibility to carry out plantations alongside the roads.

To sum up the consequences of the road expansion: firstly, there are going to be more vehicles on the road emitting more harmful gases than ever and thereby further degrading air quality. Secondly, with no plans to improve mass transit in place, influx of more cars in the days ahead will reduce the mobility of vehicles further. Thirdly, lack of modest pedestrian sidewalk will affect mainly the working class, the senior citizens, and children walking back and forth from school. This will force the pedestrians to walk on the roads and presumably increase road accident frequency. Therefore, let alone the amelioration of living standard, wider roads are only going to degrade an average man’s living standard in the next five years. So, can such a project that increases pollution, worsens traffic problem, and puts the lives of senior citizens, small children and the working class at risk be called a development project? The answer is for the planners and the politicians to think of.

Interview of Dr. Udhab Pyakurel on road expansion being not right choice

Personally, even the economic prospect from this project does not make sense. I do not understand why we are so much inclined towards widening our roads when we already know that the new vehicles, that are going to fill them up, and the fuel that will consume, will be imported from foreign countries. A bicycle ride doesn’t require importing or burning of fuels nor does a walk, for those who prefer it. In such a scenario, why don’t we have pedestrian sidewalks and cycling tracks in our list of priorities? These would not only help in retaining currency from flowing out but also improve living and health standards of the general public as more and more people will take to cycling and walking.

Current road expansion seems to be worthy of pursuing to some extent only if the government personally takes the responsibility of managing the operation of public transport within the city, of planting trees on the sidewalks, and

of ensuring that public health won’t be affected due to the project. Without these commitments and corresponding plans to implement them, the current endeavor is going to prove a wet blanket for the citizens.

Kathmandu is remarkably Nepal’s administrative and the financial capital. Legacy of centralized development, focused intensely within ring road, is at the heart of this city’s problem of traffic congestion. The government confronted it’s inadequacies in foreseeing the long term impacts of centralizing development, when severe traffic jams and immobility posited itself as a serious concern. In such a context, it could either reverse the trend of centralized development, opting to not expand the road, or it could carry on with the age old legacy of centralized development and expand the road eventually inviting more vehicles and people inside Kathmandu.

A much better alternative to the current expansion would have been to ocus on developing more efficient express highways that link Kathmandu with its peripheral hubs like Banepa, Dhulikhel and others, and simply pay heed to the maintenance of roads inside Kathmandu. Such an effort would not only create new financial centers and commercial hubs outside Kathmandu but also relieve Kathmandu from its population pressure and pressures on its roads and physical infrastructures. With an increase in the level of economic activity, the people living outside Kathmandu and its periphery would be better off; and with lesser cars, lesser congestion, lesser pollution and lesser people, Kathmandu would be better off. In the long run, people living inside and outside Kathmandu would both benefit leading to genuine realization of development rather the current unsustainable growth.

भक्तपुरमा भूमाफियाको दादागिरी

While other nations across the world are stressing on promoting sustainability, we seem to be moving in the opposite direction. While governments in other nations stress on preserving and promoting greenery through green roofing or through the protection of public parks, our government at home chops off three hundred trees to construct a landmark dedicated to “Ganatantra”. While other nations stress on constructing artificial flood control systems to protect its citizenry from unexpected flooding. In Kathmandu, the government instead destroys natural flood control systems like Manohara, Dhobokhola, Tukucha and other stream systems to develop riverside road network.

Kathmandu – once tagged as naturally air-conditioned city by tourists – has now turned into a concrete jungle that experiences extreme temperatures. Ongoing unmanaged and disproportional road expansion has tarnished the image of this city even further. Adding to it, reluctance of the government to resort to sustainable development initiatives brings into question the fate of the city itself. If the government is not planning a sustainable future for it, than who will?

Also read: Pollution in Nepal’s capital city is reaching dangerous levels amid unchecked urban expansion, traffic-jammed roads and political inertia

Kathmandu chokes beneath a blanket of pollution

Displacement of Local Inhabitants in Kathmandu
-By world newa organization

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In the name of development, present and past governments of Nepal have been continuously expanding roads in Kathmandu valley by displacing local people. Most recently, in several locations in Kathmandu, including Kalimati, Kalanki, Thankot, and Chabahil, the authority is mercilessly demolishing private houses without providing any alternatives or compensation to victims. The Government of Nepal is carrying out this kind of thoughtless action even after the Supreme Court has given a stay order and the National Human Rights Commission has requested a stop to such inhumane actions.

Save Newa civilization
Even during 3 decades of Panchyat regime, affected citizens were consulted when the roads were expanded. Work waited until the administration could advise and convince people of the need for change, and only after people were awarded proper compensation were the roads expanded. Now in Chabahil, Kalimati, Kalanki, and elsewhere, the Government is bulldozing houses by employing police force. The Government is trying to implement arbitrary plans to expand roads without talking to local citizens and gaining their support. The use of police force against these unarmed people is brutal.

चीनमा पनि यस्ता ‘अटेरी’ : शक्तिशाली कम्युनिस्ट सरकारसँग नझुक्ने जब्बरहरू

साम्यवादी देश चीन भौतिक विकाशको ‘महायात्रा’तर्फ लम्कँदै गर्दा पनि यहाँ हुने कतिपय विकाश निर्माणका कार्यमा यहाँका स्थानीय व्यक्तिहरूले आफ्ना घर, भवन र आफन्तका चिहान समेत भत्काउन नदिएका थुप्रै उदाहरणहरू छन् ।

The World Newah Organization condemns the unlawful and unnecessary demolition of long-time habitations of local people of Kathmandu in the name of expansion of roads. This action will not solve or abate current traffic problems but rather will create more problems. The Government must explore alternatives in order to settle growing needs for roads, housing, clean drinking water, proper sewage, adequate electricity, and so on. Kathmandu valley’s infrastructure cannot handle the growing population resulting from migration and should curb it immediately and settle new towns and cities outside the valley. The Government of Nepal should not flatten Nepal’s heritage sites and the ancient kingdoms of Nepal in the name of development and road expansion.

विभेदकारी सडक विकास आखिर कसका लागि? SHARE THIS

As residential and commercial areas are rapidly growing in the Kathmandu valley, agricultural lands in the capital is shrinking day by day. A study entitled — ‘Urban Growth Trend of Kathmandu Valley and its Projection in a ‘Business as Usual’ Model’ carried out by Kathmandu Valley Development Authority (KVDA) showed that agricultural lands are rapidly turning into a concrete jungle. Of late, it is discovered that people are now shifting their residence from city centres to rural and sub-urban areas.

As per the report, there was 394.12 sq kms of agricultural land in the year 2000, which was contracted by 13.2 per cent to 342.08 sq km by 2010. On the other hand, the valley witnessed 103.96 per cent growth in residential area and 106.35 per cent in mixed residential and commercial areas within the decade. Rural settlement has expanded by 64.35 per cent from 1.13 sq km in 2000 to 1.86 sq km in a decade.

“Our study shows that people are using their agricultural land for residential purpose. Due to lack of control over land use, urbanisation in the valley is in chaos,” said Saroj Basnet Senior Urban Planner. Citing that there were visions and integrated development plans for the valley since 1968, he asserted, “Despite having well developed plans and vision, they could not be implemented due to the lack of political will, clear policy, land use map and weak mechanism.”

“Relatively affordable land price, physical infrastructure and accessibility of water are main causes for rapid urban-isation outside the ring road,” said Basnet. He claimed that if the government does not intervene in the present pace of urbanisation, there will be neither agricultural land nor open space in the valley by 2050. Stating that the development of infrastructure is largely demand driven, he said, “Till date we could not develop our cities as per the plans, which has resulted in haphazard urbanisation.”- Kathmandu Valley Development Authority.

We urge the Government of Nepal to stop immediately its terror tactics against its own people, and we urge the Government to apologize to victims for damages it caused and to compensate them properly for lost homes and property.

Bulldozing the rights of Indigenous People to expand roads in Kathmandu

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कविता: सुनामी

फलामे डिब्बाहरुको सुनामीले
बगाउन थालेका छन् घर, खेत र जिन्दगि ।

पाँच मिटर चौडाईको जिन्दगी
बाईस मिटरमा पुगेर घुपुलुक्क ढल्यो ।

टिक्न सकेका बाईस मिटरेहरु पनि
कति दिन टिक्लान् फलामे सुनामी सामु ?

तीन मिटरका जिन्दगीहरु
अहिले त हेर्दैछन् तमाशा ।

एक मिटरका सोचहरु पनि
चुपचापै छन् , आ- आफ्नै धुनमा ।

चौडा सडकहरुमा हर दिन जो आईरहन्छ
फलामे डिब्बाहरुको सुनामी ।

के भर छ र सुनामीको, बुझ ए तमाशेहरु
ढीलो चाँडो सबैलाई बगाउँछ , अवश्य !

त्यसैले,उठाऊ पर्खाल, बन्द गर ढोका
लगाऊ भोटे ताल्चा, रोक फलामे सुनामी।

र , ननिम्त्याऊ अर्को कुनै सुनामी
ताकी कसैलाई पनि न बगाओस् ।

(सन्दर्भ -पौष २० गतेको उपत्यका बन्द र अव्यावहारिक सडक विस्तार )

सौजन्य: सुधिर ख्वबि

The Road to Destruction

Rajendra Manandhar:

asfas

When Baburam first started to demolish houses

The government has taken up the Herculean task of expanding the roads in Kathmandu. In the process, some houses are being demolished. The question is, is it good or bad? Is it truly development or masked destruction? As a native to the city, Kathmandu is more than just a dwelling place for me.

I am now 45. The experience that I underwent in the last four and half decades in the city was so drastic that I doubt it is beyond anyone’s imagination. If I share my childhood memories, it would be like a mythology. I remember roaming around alone in the core of the city at the age of five. Twenty years later, when I had my son, the city had become completely unsafe to let a child out alone, even at the age of 15. The terrible traffic, roads that were no less than jigsaw puzzles, every day abductions are some of the factors that have made every parent more cautious about their children’s safety. The city is no more for children!

When I started college, one of my favourite pastimes was to stroll around in the evening with three or four friends. We used to walk from New Road to Boudhha or Swoyambhu. We started at dusk and go home for dinner. It was such a pleasurable walk because we could move freely. The road was safe and peaceful, thus walking was a pure bliss. Now, walking in Kathmandu — even a short distance — is more of a challenge. The city is no more for youths!

Many overhead bridges have been constructed in the valley. They are good to avoid traffic jams and roadway accidents. But as a person of 45, to cross the bridges three or four times is tough on the legs and back. It is not too hard to imagine how it must be for a person of 60 or 65. I cannot take my mom out, who suffers from arthritis, without a taxi because there is no way she can endure the pain of crossing those bridges. The city is no more for old people!

So for whom are we making wider roads? Surely, it is for cars, not for people. Studying the demography of Nepal, I found that only half a century back Kathmandu used to have almost equal population as Birgunj and Pokhara. If population of Kathmandu keeps on escalating at this pace and we continue making wider and wider roads to cope with accelerating traffic, one day Kathmandu will have only roads and no more houses! Do we want such a city?

We have a tendency to compare Kathmandu with other cities of the world. I used to do it too. I went to Bangkok at the age nine and stayed there till I was 13. When I came back, I felt Kathmandu was like a village. There were not many tall buildings and hardly traffic back then. Again in my early 30s I went to different cities of Asia, including Bangkok and India. When the airplane entered Kathmandu valley, it was for the first time in my life that I realised the beauty of my native city. Surely, there were not many constructions as are cropping up around Bhaktapur and Lalitpur.

As a development worker, I travel around hills and terai districts of Nepal. The difficulty is that they see Kathmanduites as exclusive exploiters of countries resources and development. They are not wrong. But at the same time, I feel because of Kathmandu centred development, the city is losing its essence. In this way, Kathmandu people are being doubly vulnerable. As a Nepali citizen, I would like to see more construction and development in the districts. And I have only one wish: to have my old Kathmandu back — a city of and for the people.

Lazimpat road expansion full version

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एकादेशको नेवार ???

रेशम चौधरी

सडक फराकिलो बनाउने बहानामा पुरातात्त्विक सतल पाटी पौवामाथी धावा बोल्नु भनेको स्थानीय मुलबासिको अस्तित्व र अस्मिता माथि नै धावा बोल्नु हो। नेपालको ऐतिहासिक पुरातात्त्विक संरचनाको जगेर्ना गर्ने पुरातत्त्व बिभाग कुन बाहुनबादको दाइजोको पोल्टोमा छ ?? संसारमा ऐतिहासिक पुरातात्त्विक संरचनाको सुरक्षाको निमित्त विकसित मुलुकले अर्बौं रुपैयाको बजेट छुट्टयाएका हुन्छन् तर हाम्रो मुलुकमा मुलबासिको इतिहास निमट्ट्यान्न पार्नका लागी सधैं सधैं बिकासको नाममा यस्तै दमनपुर्ण कार्यहरू हुन्छन्। ऐतिहासिक पुरातात्त्विक संरक्षणका निमित्त बनाइएको थारुहरुको संग्राहलय जलाउँदा पनि मुकदर्शक भएर बस्ने यिनै ठुला दल भनाउँदाको सरकार हो। राजधानीको सडक चौडा गर्ने बहानामा अहिले नेवार समुदायलाइ बिस्थापित गर्ने षड्यन्त्रमुलक सुनयोजित योजनालाइ हामीले बेलैमा बुझ्नुपर्दछ। भक्तपुर,ललितपुर, बसन्तपुर हाम्रा ऐतिहासिक बस्ती हुन। सरकारले सके यिनै बस्तिलाइ भजाएर पर्यटनको बिकास गर्ने हो। तर बाटोको नाममा कसैको पुस्तौंदेखिको इतिहास नै निमट्यान्न पार्न खोज्नु फासिस्टबाद भन्दा चरम दमन शोषण हो। यस्तो बखतमा समेत नेवारी नेताको आवाज खोइ?? कहाँगए २०४६ को प्रजातान्त्रिक लडाइँमा बिजय दिलाउने नेवारहरु ?? कहाँगए ०६३ आन्दोलनका बिशाल नेवार मिश्रित हुलहरु??भोली बिकासको निहुमा बस्ती नै सारियोभने नवस्थापित बस्तीमा तपाईंको पहिचान पुनर्स्थापना हुनसक्छ???बन्न सक्छन,मल्लकालिन सत्तल,पाटी पौवाहरु?? के अब हामीले नेवारको झ्यालमा कालो शिसा र स्टिल देख्नुपर्नेभो?? नेवारको छोइला कचेला के अब सिजलर,बर्गरमा रुपान्तरित हुनेभो?? उठ! जाग!! नेवार समुदाय!!!तिम्रो चटामरिमा जुन स्वाद छ,त्यो आयातीत पिज्जामा कहिल्यै हुनसक्दैन। हामी नेवार समुदायको परम्परा र पहिचानमाथी गर्ब गर्छौ। भ्रष्टाचार मिसिएको फलामे छड्बाट निर्मित राजधानी अन्तै सार्दा केहि फरक पर्दैन तर काठले बनेका नेवारको पच्पन्न झ्याले दरबार नै हाम्रालागी एलिजाबेथले पहिरिने कोहिनुर हिरा भन्दा महङ्गो आभुषण हो।।

हिजो बिष्णुमति,बाग्मती,बल्खु खोलामा माछा पौडिन्थे आज आयातित मान्छेको मलमुत्र बग्छ।दशैँको नाममा आफ्ना कार्यकर्तालाइ करोडौं बाँड्ने सरकारले नेवारकी देबि कुमारिलाइ भने दुइचार हजारले टार्न खोज्छ। करोडपती नेता बिरामी हुँदा करोडौं खर्च गर्ने एकात्मक शासनका जल्लादहरुले नेवारी लिङ्गोको लागी दुइ लाख रकम पनि छुट्याउँदैनन्। के यो बिभेदको बारेमा नेवार समुदाय अन्जान छ ?? कहाँगए “काठमाडौमा नेवा ख:” भन्ने कृष्ण गोपालहरु?? सयौं बर्षदेखी संरक्षण गर्दैआएको पशुपतिनाथका पुजारी नेवार समुदायको भन्डारिहरुको उचित संरक्षण खोइ?? आफ्नो नातेदारको घरमा जन्मेको बच्चोलाइ राज्यकोषबाट करोडौं खर्चगरि अमेरिकामा उपचार मात्रै होईन अझै सवारका निमित्त करोड प्रदानगर्दा हाम्रो कुमारीको मापदण्ड के हो भनेर सोध्नुपर्दैन ??

म पनि नेवारको ज्वाँइ हो,मलाई आफ्नो ससुरालीको पहिचानको चिन्ता छ,तर ससुरालीको दाइजोमा राजधानीमा महल ठड्याउने कपुत ज्वाँइ साहेबलाइ नेवार समुदायले कहिले पहिचान गर्ने??? सांस्कृतिक परम्पराका अत्यन्तै धनी नेवार समुदायको खेत,पाखा सबै हडप्दा समेत चुप्प बसिरहनु यो कहाँ सम्मको दमन सहन हो?? म काठमाडौको भृकुटीमण्डप स्थित आर आर क्याम्पसमा रात्रीकक्षा पढ्दा पैदलमार्च बल्खु सम्मको डेरामा पुग्नुपर्थ्यो। त्यो बेला राति पैदल हिँड्दा स्यालले टोकेर चौधवटा सुइ लगाउने मै हुँ।आज उपत्यकाको बिशाल नेवारको खेतीयोग्य जमिन कंक्रीड्मा परिणत भइसक्यो। यस्को जिम्मेदार को हो?? नेवारको पुर्खौनी सम्पतिमा कुन सप्पन्न मान्छेको महल बन्यो ??- नेवार समुदायले खोज्नुपर्दैन?? कहाँ,कसरी हडपिए – मैतिदेबिका बिशाल फाँटहरु??? अनामनगरका फाँटबारी कता गए?? अझै कति दमन शोषण सहने नेवार समुदाय ???

राजनैतिक,सांस्कृतिक,भौगोलिक सबै परम्परामा धनी हुँदाहुँदै पनि यि सबैमा, सबैभन्दा बढी ठगीएको नेवार समुदाय हो। पुष्पलाल नेवारका चेलाहरुले पुष्पलाल माथी नै घात गरे। गणेशमानले रुँदै अन्त्यमा राजनैतिक सन्यास लिनुपर्‍यो। २००७ सालको महान क्रान्तिका तिनजना शहिद शुक्रराज,धर्मभक्त,गंगालाल नेवार समुदायकै थिए।खोइ?? तिनको सम्मान ??? आज तिनै नेवार सहिदको बलिदानिमा रजाइँ गर्नेहरुले नेवारको अपमान गर्न मिल्छ?? होसियार हौ नेवार समुदाय!!
आज सबैभन्दा बढी शोषित,पीडित,दमनको पिडा तपाईंहरु संगै छ। त्यसबेलाको शासक संगै लुक्दै नेवारको घरमा सरण लिनेहरुको आज मन्डिकाटार दरबार छ,लाजिम्पाट दरबार छ। लाखौं महल नेवारी भुमिमा ठडिए, तर एउटा मात्रै उदाहरण देखाउनुस – कुन नेवारले दरबार ठड्यायो??

मलाई पहिचान पक्षधरको नेता,लेखक जे भनेपनी हुन्छ। मैले त नेवार समुदाय माथिको दमन,अत्याचार सहन नसकेर मात्रै यो लेखेको हुँ।पहिचानको आवाज उठाउनेले यतिपनी लेखेन,बोलेनभने अन्याय हुन्छ। अहिले सडक बिस्तारका नाममा नेवार समुदाय माथिको ज्यादती म बाट सहन भएन। थारु समुदायको एक सचेत युवाले यत्ति गर्नसक्छ भने नेवार समुदायको पनि मुख,हात छन। चुपचाप बस्नुभयो भने एकदिन पहिचान बिरोधिले एकादेशको दन्त्यकथा आफ्ना सन्तानलाइ सुनाउने छन – “एकादेशमा तिम्रो बुढो मामा घर थियो, तिम्रो बज्यै र म त्यहाँ जान्थ्यौँ,तिम्रो मामाघरको बुढी बज्यैले हामिलाइ प्याँलामा वासा दिन्थिन। म छोइला कचेला संगै वासा मातिउन्जेल पिउँथे, तिम्रो बज्यै छेउको गुन्द्रीमा बसेर कुपुकुपु चटामरी खान्थिन। कति रमाइलो हुन्थ्यो ति दिनहरु?? बिचैमा पहिचान बिरोधिको नातिले प्रतिप्रश्न गर्नेछ- हामिलाइ कहिले लग्ने grand paa त्यहाँ ??? “छेउमा बसेकी बुढी बज्यैले तुरुक्क आँसु चुहाउँदै भन्नेछिन – अब त्यो मामाघर कहाँ रह्यो र!! न त वासा,चटामरी बनाउने बज्यै रहिन, न त त्यसबेलाको जस्तो मामाघर!!! हो,त्यसबेला सबै नेवार बुढाबुढिको आँखामा केवल आँसु मात्रै बाँकी रहनेछ,किनकि यसबेलाको सानो गल्तीले पहिचान एकादेशको दन्त्यकथा जस्तै हुनेछ।।।

मेरो पुस्तक “संयोग” बाट !!!

घर बनाउन उचित मापदण्ड हुनुपर्छ
त्यसै गरी सडकको उचित मापदण्ड हुनु पर्छ

Institutionalized use of force in the name of road expansion

Do people living in Kathmandu have even the sense of what is happening in Kathmandu due to road expansion? In the name of road expansion the government has used the threat to displace people from their homes and land which their ancestors have worked hard for years .Surprisingly the news media is reporting that houses have encroached the road while those were the houses built with the consent of the local municipalities and has been standing for years. People have paid taxes for their land and houses .Why people are not uniting to fight against this injustice done to the affected communities? What guarantee is there that tomorrow the same politicians will not make the same remark for the houses built in Ason tole and narrow gallis of Kathmandu? Do we even have any idea of how narrow is our gallis? Are they targeting only certain communities (newars) as clearly stated by the ADB project as affected people? Is the huge amount of money being spent for road expansion just? Why even road expansion at such cost of human displacement as well as the large bulk of national spending? Why these same Maoists leaders who were talking of helping the rural village are now so much interested only in Kathmandu? Does Baburam bhatterai forget that only Kathmandu is not Nepal? The people in Kathmandu should stand up now and protest against this road expansion so that tomorrow we can live in peace in our place without being displaced. They can make and break any rules for the personal profit. They even did not use readily available alternatives such as “prior fully Consent “which must be the norm. Maoists which are known to seize the public as well as private property can use violence to anyone if we give them the chance to do whatever they want. This is not the jungle .What if you are not affected today, your house is safe…..we can never guarantee that the same thing might not happen to you as well in future.

के सार्वजनिक बाटो छ र?

रोशन श्रेष्ठ

खोतल्दै जाँदा सार्वजनिक बाटो भन्ने छैन जस्तो लाग्दैछ।केहि प्रसँगहरु सुनाउँछु
१- चक्रपथवरपरका जग्गाको मूल्य करोडौ छ अचेल । तर जुन जग्गामाथि चक्रपथ भन्दै गाडी गुडीरहेको छ, तिनीहरु सुकुम्बासी बनेका छन्। तिनका परिवारले तीनपुस्ता पुरै आफ्नो पुर्ख्यौली जग्गामाथि सारा मान्छे र गाडीको कुचलकाचल र थिचोमिचो भोगे। हुँदाखाँदाको सम्पत्ति लुटाएर चरम गरीबि भोगे। सरकार र जनताले तिनको निजि जग्गा प्रयोग गरेवापत बार्षिक बहाल तिरेका छैनन। पख्नुस, त्यो सार्वजनिक बाटो नभन्नुस।चक्रपथले कुल्चेको जग्गाको लालपुर्जा बोकेर बसेका मानिस अझै छन् । त्यो निजि जग्गामाथि थिचोमिचो गर्न सकेको हुनाले वरीपरीका मानिसका १० हजार नपर्ने जग्गा आज करोडौ भएको हो ।

२ – बाटो बनाउँदा वा फराकिलो पार्दा जग्गा मिचिन्छ। कानून त देखावा मात्रै हो । सबैतिर बलमिच्याइँ चल्छ। कमजोर र झगडा गर्न नसक्नेका जग्गा लुटेर सार्वजनिक करार दिन्छ, बलियाको जग्गा कसैले छुन सक्दैन । कमजोरलाई लुटेर सार्वजनिक दावा गरेको बाटोको आधारमा जग्गाको भाउ दशौँ गुणा बढाउँछ। के कानूनले त्यसरी कमजोर निर्धालाइ लुट्ने अधिकार दिएको छ?

३ – सानो टुक्रा जग्गा बाटो जोडिएको छ भने ती जग्गा अतिक्रमण भएर नै सकिने अवस्था आएको छ। ३ फिटे बाटो राखेर भित्र भित्र सस्तो दाममा जग्गा किन्ने, अनि ३ फिटे बाटोलाइ १० फिट, २० फिट बनाउन राजनीतिक पार्टी, गुण्डा, भ्रष्ट कर्मचारी संयन्त्र आदि प्रयोग गर्ने प्रथा समाजमा क्यान्सर सरह फैलिएको छ। त्यसरी बाटो फराकिलो पारेर १ लाखमा किनेको जग्गाको भाउ १० लाख बनाउन चाहनेले त्यो जग्गा बाटोमा पर्यो भनी आफ्नो जग्गा छोड्नेलाइ ९ लाख हर्जाना तिर्नु पर्छ कि पर्दैन? हर्जाना नतिरेको बाटो जग्गा सार्वजनिक कसरी हुन्छ?

४ – भित्री भागमा परम्परागत जग्गा हुने हरुसित बाटो हुँदैन, किनकि परम्परागत किसानी जग्गामा कृषिप्रयोजनको निमित्त बाटो चाहिदैन। त्यस्ता जग्गाहरुको चारैतर्फ जग्गा किनेर बाटो छेकेपछि नाकाबन्दी हुन्छ । नाकाबन्दी गर्दिने धम्कि, पैसाको लोभ र गुण्डाको प्रयोग गरेर धेरैको त्यस्तो भित्री जग्गा भूमाफिया ले हडपेको रहेछ। अनि बाटो छेउको जग्गा फेरि बाटो फराकिलो पार्ने नाउँमा हडपिंदै रहेछ । कसैगरी पनि जग्गा जोगाउन नसकिने सामाजिक समस्या चारैतिर देखिन्छ। यो सामाजिक समस्या आफसेआफ सिर्जना भएको होइन, मूलबासीको उठीवास गराउने नियतका साथ कार्यपालिका, न्यायपालिका, ब्यवस्थापिका, राजनीतिक अस्थिरता, र पार्टी संयन्त्रहरुको कोअर्डिनेटेड भूमिकामार्फत सिर्जना गरीएको अवस्था देखिन्छ।

५ – अविवेकी सरकारी नीति, अति-केन्द्रित विकास, भुलभुलैयामा फँसेका रैथाने, र आप्रवासन समस्या सित असम्बेदनशील समाज भएका कारण अब जग्गा लुट्ने र लुटाउने गतिविधिको बिकृत असरहरु धमाधम देखिन थाल्दैछ। निजि जग्गा जबरजस्ती लुटेर सार्वजनिक बाटो बनाउने काम भइरहेको छ। जग्गा लूटको यो महाअन्यायबाट बचाउन नेपालको न्यायपालिका, कार्यपालिका र व्यवस्थापिकाले कुनै सघाउ पुर्याउनेवाला छैन । आफ्नो जग्गा बचाउनु छ भने आफुसित ए के मेशिनगन हुनु पर्छ, नत्र रोइकराई गरेर बस्ने मात्रै हो।

६- स्मरण रहोस, तपाइको आफ्नो भनेको त्यो पुरखौलि जग्गा तपाइको आफ्नो होइन । तपाइको बाउबाजेले तपाइको छोरानातिको निमित्त छोडेर गएको नासो हो । अनेक दुःख र अभाव तेर्साएर तपाइ पुरखौलि जग्गा बेच्दै हुनुहुन्छ वा सौदावाजि गर्दै हुनुहुन्छ भने, तपाइका आगामी पुस्ताका सम्पत्ति लुटेर मास्दै हुनुहुन्छ।

गाऊँ फर्कौँ राष्ट्रिय अभियान

(A Facebook page) म काठमाडौं आएँ, काठमाडौंमा घर बनाएँ, काठमाडौंमा यो गरें त्यो गरें भन्ने बाहिरका बासिन्दाहरू खुब नाक ठूलो भा’झैं गर्छन्।
तर यो कैल्यै बुझ्न सकेन कि वास्तवमा नेपाल सरकारले हामीलाई हेपेको छ। आफ्नो थातथलो छोडेर काठमाडौंमा शरण लिन बाध्य बना’को कल्ले देख्न सकेन। आफ्नो गाउँलाई सरकारले हेपेको देख्दा नि काठमाडौंमा शरणार्थी बन्नुपर्दा नि गाउँलेहरू खै एककृत भा’? यस्तो हेर्नुस् काठमाडौंमा ऐले रैथानेहरूको भन्दा नि बाहिरीहरूको बास छ। यस्तो अवस्थामा हामी कसरी पुग्यौं? काठमाडौं केन्द्रित शासनका कारण! गाउँमा बिगा-बिगा जमिन हुँदा नि जाबो एउटा आधारभूत सुविधा नपाउँदा परभूमी काठमाडौंमा महिनाको हजारौं तिरेर अर्काको घरमा डेरा लिनु पर्ने बाध्यताबाट तपाइँलाई सुख लाग्छ? आफ्नो थातथलो छोडेर काठमाडौंमा शरणार्थी हुनु पर्ने बाध्यताबाट स्वाभिमान पाइन्छ? आफ्नो आत्मसम्मान गुमाएर काठमाडौंको दासी बनेकाहरूको चेत खुलोस्।
के नेपाल भनेको काठमाडौँ मात्र हो? काठमाडौँ बाहिरकालाई विकास गर्ने कुनै अधिकार छैन? मलाई आधारभूत सुविधा लिन काठमाडौँ आउनै पर्ने किन बाध्य बनाउँदै छ? के यी प्रश्न कसैले सरकारलाई सोधेका छन्?काठमाडौँ केन्द्रीत शासनले दुबै बाहिरिया र काठमाडौँ बासीलाई असर पार्छ। बाहिरियाहरू आफ्नो घर बार छोडेर अर्को सहर पस्नु पर्छ। आफ्नै घर जग्गा हुँदा हुँदै, कौडीको मुल्य पनि आउँदैन। यदि हामीलाई हाम्रो थातथलो छोड्न बाध्य नबनाएको भए हामी काठमाडौँका मन्छे भन्दा धनी हुन्छौँ। आफ्नो घर बार छोडेर, काठमाडौँमा महिनाको हजारौँ तिरी भाडामा बस्नु परेको छ। यदि हाम्रै ठाउँमा काठमाडौँको जस्तै सुविधा भैदिएको भए हामी कुनै हालतमा मारमा पर्दैन थ्यौँ। हामीले आफ्नो खेतबाट कुनै एउटा मात्र खेत बेचे पनि हाम्रै जग्गामा बिल्डिङ खडा गर्न सक्छौँ। तर कौडीको मुल्यमा ती जग्गा बेची, काठमाडौँमा पुनःस्थापना हुन कति गाह्रो छ। काठमाडौँमा भाडा तिरेर खर्च गरिने पैसा यदि हामीले जम्मा गर्यौँ भने एउटा बङ्गला नै खडा हुन्छ। काठमाडौँ केन्द्रीत शासनले बाहिरियाहरूको जीवनसँग ठूलो खेलवाड गर्दै छ है, सबैको चेत खुलोस्। अस्पताल नपाएर काठमाडौँ बाहिर कति ठाउँमा कति मान्छेहरूको मृत्यु हुन्छ।

मुगु, जुम्ला, मुस्तागका स्याउ काठमाण्डाैमा ढुवानी गर्न सडक नहुदा किसानका पसिना खेर गईरहेका छन् । फलफुल आयातमा झण्डै वार्षक ३५ अर्ब रुपैया विदेशिरहेकाे छ । अब प्रश्न उठछ के काठमाण्डाैकाे सडक विस्तारले देश विकास हुने रहेछ त ? के याे देशमा दुरदर्शि साेच भएका नेताहरुकाे खडेरी परेकै हाे त ? अब जनताले पक्कै यसकाे उत्तर खाेज्ने दिन आए जस्ताे छ ।

यति मात्र होइन काठमाडौँ वासीहरूलाई पनि यसले मारमा पारेको छ। धमाधम काठमाडौँका मलिला र खेतीयोग्य भूमिको नाश हुँदैछ, अनि कृषिजन्य सामाग्री भारतबाट आयात गर्न किन नपरोस्? अनियन्त्रित जनसङ्ख्या वृद्धि र अनियन्त्रित शहरीकरणका थुपै उदाहरणहरू काठमाडौँमा देखा परेको छ। पहिला पानीको प्रशस्त मात्रा हुने ठाउँमा भाडावाला र अन्य ठाउँबाट बसाइँ सरेकाले गर्दा लामो लाइन बसेर नि पानी पाएका छैन। बसन्तपुर जस्ता ठाउँमा खुट्टा राख्न पनि ठाउँ छैन। खाद्यान्नमा पहिले काठमाडौँ मैँ उत्पादन हुने गरिन्थ्यो अब काठमाडौँका जन्ता भारतमा निर्भर छन्। दुर्गन्धले ग्रस्त भिसक्यो काठमाडौँ। अहिलेको काठमाडौँमा ट्राफिक समस्या पनि यसैको उपज हो। बिस्तारी काठमाडौँबासीका लागि आफ्नै भूमी अलगावीकरण भैसक्यो। काठमाडौँको सुन्दरता र भिन्नता ध्वस्त भैसक्यो।

यदि सबै जनालाई काठमाडौँ आउन बाध्य बनाउने हो भने कुनै दिन काठमाडौँमा खुट्टा टेक्ने पनि ठाउँ हुँदैन विकासका कार्यहरू काठमाडौंलाई मात्र पोस्न पाइन्न। गाउँले प्रतिको यो विभेदको विरोध गरौं। गाउँ विकास गर्न सक्ने वातावरण सरकारलाई मिलाउन दबाब दिऊँ। सरकारले तत्कालै विकेन्द्रीकरण गरेन भने काठमाडौँमा ठूलो संकट हुन्छ। यति मात्र होइन काठमाडौँ बाहिरका ठाउँहरू मारमा पर्छन्। काठमाडौँको जनसङ्ख्या, सुदुरपश्चिम विकास क्षेत्रको सिङ्गि जनसङ्ख्या भन्दा बढी छ। के अब ३ करोड जन्ता बिस्तारी काठमाडौँ बसाइँ सर्यो भने नेपालको के हालत हुन्छ? आफ्नै थातथलोको विकास गरौं। काठमाडौं परस्त दास मानसिकता र काठमाडौँमा शरणार्थी हुने खालको राज्य व्यवस्था अन्त्य गरौं।

सडक विस्तार त गर्ने भनियो। तर यस विषयलाई कसरी समाधान गर्ने?

डाङडुङ आएर जनताको घर भत्काएर? सर्वप्रथम त काठमाडौंमा सवारी साधनको सङ्ख्या दिन दिनै बढ्दो छ। यही क्रमले बढ्दै गएमा ४ लेन त के ६ लेनको बनाए पनि पुग्दैन। यसमा नियन्त्रण गर्नु पर्छ कि पर्दैन? सडक विस्तार कतिको व्यवस्थित छ? जनतालाई घर छोड्न कति समयावधि दिइन्छ? मुआब्जा कति पाउँछ? त्यहाँको जनतालाई अर्को ठाउँ सार्न उनीहरू स्थापित हुनुपरेन? आफ्नो घर सडक विस्तारका लागि दिएपछि त्यो परिवार कहाँ बस्न जान्छ? नयाँ घर बन्न अझै समय लाग्छ। त्यतिन्जेल: घर भाडामा लिएर बस्छन्/बस्न सक्लान/ बस्ने हैसियत होला? अनि पहिला लाजिम्पाट सडक विस्तार गरेको बेलामा जस्तै बाटो बाटोमै सुत्दै हिंड्ने? मुआब्जाको रकम कति होला? दिनरातको पसिना र हिज्जतको कमाईले ७ करोडमा बनाएको घरको मुआब्जा ७ करोडै होला त? भएको वासस्थान छोडी अर्को घर बनाएर बस्न जाउन्जेल जनताको के हालत होला? अनि यो सडक विस्तारमा स्थानीयहरूको सहभागिता छ र? विस्तार अगाडी कसैले एक शब्द सोध्न आए र?

Kathmandu has a fragile ecology

It can carry only a limited number of people and infrastructure. Kathmandu would be best saved from the madness of influx taking place since the last six decades, more so in the last decade of people, materials, infrastructure and virtually everything. The only option that seems worth exploring is to stop this influx. The way out is to leave Kathmandu to be Nepal’s cultural capital where people from other parts of Nepal as well as people from all over the world could visit to enjoy its magnificent beauty, arts, culture etc. The political capital could be shifted elsewhere. This way the country can save one of most vibrant cultures, nature and beauty that make every Nepali proud. Further constructions, infrastructures development, and influx of people into this limited space will be suicidal to Nepal. This is the vision that our leaders should have for the county. It requires courage.

The problem with Nepali is that everyone want to have a piece of land in Kathmandu valley. 30-40 years ago there were around 1 million people here. Now there are 4.5 millions. And that’s the part of every problem here. We used to have water here two times a day in tap few decades ago. Nowadays once every 5 or 6 days. The pollution has increased with the ever increasing human activities. The pollution is only the par of the problem which government and immigrants often ignore to account. Kathmandu was really beautiful city with lots of temples and tradition, which is no more. Immigrant can easily blame the pollution but they tern blind eyes to its cause. I really like to move the Capital city out of valley so that we can breath the fresh air again.

Well many people have been victimized with this road expansion and I don’t see anybody making real issue about it. I don’t why is it so? in the name of road expansion we are simply losing our land.

जनताको घरमा डोजर चलाउनेहरु सुन….

शंकर लिम्बु 

सुन्दरीजल जाने सडक क्षेत्रका ८७० घरका परिवारलाई विचल्ली बनाउने ?

विकल्प र विवेक विनाको विकास विनासमात्र हो ।

सडक विस्तारको बहानामा सुन्दरी जल जाने सडकक्षेत्रमा घरबास विहिन हुने गरी ८७० जनाको घर भत्काउन सडक विस्तारकोलागि चिन्ह लगाएको रहेछ । अहिले काठमाडौंमा सडक विस्तारको आतंक फैलाइएको छ । गैरजिम्मेवार ढंगले बुल्डोजर लगाइएको छ । घर भत्काउने पिडाले लाखौं सडक विस्तार पीडित मानसिक डिप्रेशनको सिकार बनेका छन । अस्ति भर्खरै सडक विस्तारको नाममा घर भत्काए पछि एक युवकले डिप्रेशनमा परी आत्महत्या गरेका छन् । कति जनालाई मार्ने ?

काठमाडौंमा विकासको नाममा गैरसंवैधानिक, गैर कानूनी र मानव अधिकार विरोधी कार्य भइरहेको छ । विकासमा विकल्प हेरिएन भने विकास विनाशमात्र बन्छ । त्यसैले संविधान कानूनले विकास गर्दा जनताको घरबास उठीबास लाग्न सक्ने रहेछ भने विकल्प हेर्नु पर्दछ ।

काठमाडौंको सडक विस्तारमा विकल्प हेरिएको छैन । सडक व्यवस्थापनको ठूलो चुनौती भनेको काठमार्डौको अनियन्त्रित जनर्सख्या र सवारीहरुनै हुन् । त्यसको व्यवस्थापन गर्न प्रशस्त विकल्प छन् । त्यो विकल्प हेरिएको छैन । अनियन्त्रित जनसंख्या संघीय राज्यहरुलाइ व्यवस्थापन शक्ति सम्पन्न संघीय राज्यले गर्दछ । संघीय राज्यहरु अधिकार सम्पन्न बनाउने र विकासका अवसर संघीय प्रदेशमा जानेगरी बजेट र योजना बनाए काठमाडौबाट ६० प्रतिशत मानिसहरु अवसरको खोजीमा प्रदेशहरुमा जानेछन् । त्यसपछि त कसैको घर भत्काउनै पर्दैन सडकको निम्ति । यहि काफी हुन्छ । कल्पना गर्नुस् गतसालको भुकम्पमा अधिकांश मानिस काठमाडौ बाहिर गएका थिए । काठमाडौं सुनसान थियो । दशैंमा पनि प्रत्येक बर्ष त्यसतै देखिन्छ । त्यसले काठमाडौंको बास्तविक जनसंख्या कति भन्ने प्रष्ट गर्छ । यहाँ बजेट बनाउने देखि विनियोजन गर्ने सरकारी निकाय, भएभरको मन्त्रालय, अस्पताल, विद्यालय, बैंक, ब्यापार सबै देशका आवश्यकीय कुरा थुपारिएको छ केन्द्रीकृत शासन बनाएर । ती सवै संघीय राज्यमा आवश्यक अनुसार लैजाने हो भने । नेपाल साँच्चै विकसीत हुन्छ । त्यसैले तुरुन्त अधिकार सम्पन्न संघीय राज्य बनाउने काम गर ।

दोस्रो जति सुकै सडक बढाइए पनि हालको दरमा गाडीहरु भित्राउनेहो भने कुनै अर्थ रहने छैन । किनकि सडकको चौडाई समस्या होइन समस्या लम्बाइको हो । तसर्थ २० बर्षे पुराना गाडी चलाउन बन्देज गर्ने र नया गाडी नियन्त्रण गर्न अत्यान्त जरुरी छ । अधिकांश निजी गाडीहरु १ जना मान्छे बसेर चलाई रहेका देखिन्छ । ती गाडीवालाहरुलाई सार्वजानिक यातायात प्रयोग गर्ने बनाउन पर्छ । जस्तो न्युओर्क, सिंगापुर, जेनेभा जस्ता ठूला सहरहरुमा नीजि गाडि भन्दा सवै तह र तप्काका मानिसले सार्वजानिक यातायात चढ्छन् । काठमाडौमा यस्तो सम्भव छ ।

तत्काल भएका सडकहरु चुस्त दुरुस्त बनाउने ताकी सडकको सवै भाग प्रयोग गर्न सकियोस् ।

त्यसता थूप्रै विकल्प छन् सडक व्यवस्थापनको …

तर काठमाडौ उपत्यका विकास प्राधिकरण र सरकार चलाउनेहरुले विकल्प खोज्न विवेक प्रयोग गरेका छैनन् । खाली प्रहरी लगाएर जनतालाई उठीबास लगाउन लागेका छन् । विकल्प विनाको र विवेक विवेक विनाको विकास विनासमात्र हो त्यसको अलावा केही होइन ।

Road expansion not the solution to traffic jams

Haphazard development

Kripendra Amatya

It’s not just about money.The expansion of the road is welcomed by some and opposed by those who have suffered. The main culprit of the present crisis is ‘populist agenda of parties’ to present themselves as ‘providing a greater good to the society’. The parties have tried to act as more progressive in a short period of time with a simple target of winning the election. This is the most dangerous thing- this kind of policies have brought Greece into troubled position and some countries have gone through hyperinflation of currency.

I have discussed some issues with some expert of this field- some argue that they need roads for ambulances and fire engine. The issue is that if people are going to be homeless before a fire and a heart-attack because of the destruction of their houses; what is the point of creating better roads? In addition, road expansion can have fatal consequences in tourism. More roads mean more vehicle and more vehicle means more traffic and after the destruction of the old cities what on earth tourist will come to see in Kathmandu- pollution?

The first condition is- even if they need to destroy house partially and the government is ready to repay for the damage, we need to realize that the house which was already limited in nearly 2 ana (after being divided between siblings) is cut out into 1 ana or less, where will the people live after that? If the government need to build a road they need to buy the complete house or as the agreement with the house owner. The second condition is- what should aged people do? They just can’t go and build another house- the government needs to provide them with another house of equal worth.

The old houses are more than the worth than the money, it is sometimes the symbol of family, ancestry, and memories which the government has usurped in the name of progress.

The pouring down of the population in Kathmandu could not be solved by road expansion in Kathmandu, if good roads are made connecting the city and connecting village people can find economic opportunity in villages this is what progress look like. The decentralized, federal structure is the solution, not the centralized Kathmandu with toxic air and economic disparity which will ruin the country which is already in despair.
The government does not need to destroy the old city to help people, the government needs to plan equipment and strategy on how to help people, may be using stretcher inside the old city and utilizing pumps by coordinating with locals for fire issues.

The logic is decreasing the vehicle from the historic city of Kathmandu and intend to construct Kathmandu as a heritage. The government should have utilized cultural walk than moving around in the car.

The problem is not the development but the problem is haphazard development, to achieve more in a short term because they know government can fall at any moment. They need to show they are the most progressive party. They need to have a hundred years plan but they seem all target is to next election while it is our job to make sure that all of this political party who have destroyed our homes should not win any election.

बिगतमा हामी धेरै पटक चुक्याैं

Esamata
किपू(किर्तिपूर)मा विश्वविधयालय खोल्न हजारौ रोपनी जग्गा अतिक्रामण गर्‍यो। खोइ त्यहाँ किपू बासिले रोजगारी पाएको? कुन चाही त्यस जगा घनीका सन्तानले नि:सुल्क शिक्षा पाको ? सम्झौता त यसरी भाको थियो नि। जल(हरिसिद्धी)मा पनि फलामको मूल्यमा जुन उद्देश्यले जग्गा लिएको थियो आज कारखाना बन्द बन्द हुँदा अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मान्यता अनुसार जाग्गा धनीलाई नै जग्गा फिर्ता गरिनु पर्नेमा सरकारले स्थानियालाई जग्गा फिर्ता नगरि सुनको भाउमा बिक्री गरिदैछ। त्यसमा पनि मौन। काठमाण्डूको पूरानो बसपार्कको पनि त्यही समस्या | हाल बिधुत प्राधिकरण देखी भृकुटी माण्डपको जग्गा पनि त्यसरि नै जन्ताबाट खोसिएको थियाे। लाजिम्पातको हालको फाराकिलो बाटो बान्नु भन्दा अघी कतिको जग्गा परेको थियो। अझै पनि त्यो मार्मिक दृश्य झल झली आउँछ, जब एउटा बृद्ध आमा छातीमा हात राखेर रुँदै भन्दै थिए बाबु यो घर नभत्काउ मेरो यहाँ बाहेक अन्त जानु कतै छैन। कति दिन सम्म त्यहाँका मानिसहरू बाटोमै बस्नु परेको थियो। त्यस्तै गरी ग्वङ्गबुको नयाँ बसपार्क बनाउनको लागी अतिक्रमण गर्दा कम मूल्यान्कन गरेको खबर ले पैसा हात पर्नु भन्दा पूर्ब मेरो बाजेको अकालमा मृत्यु भयको थियो । त्यस्तै थ:बही(ठमेल)को एतिहासिक पोखरी भएको ठाउँमा छाया कम्प्लेस नामक ब्यापारिक भवन निर्माणको स्थानियको बिरोध हुँदा हुँदै भू-माफियाको दलाली सरकार मौन बासेकोले अब पनि हामी चुप लागेर इतिहासमा झै चुक्याैं भने हामी झै खोइ के के हुने हो ? यो त मैले केहि उदाहरण मात्र पेश गरेको हु । आज समय बदलिसकेको छ । काठमान्डूको फोहर फाल्न सिश्डोलका जनतालाई विशेषा सुबिधा चाहिने अनि अहिलेकै कायम भएको सडक बन्नु भन्न्दा पनि कयौ बर्ष अधिदेखी बसोबस गर्दै आएकाहरुको घर त्यसै भात्काउन केहि नचाहिने ? खानेपानी ल्याउन मेलाम्चीका जनतालाई भनु वा गोरखाको मानोकामना केबुलकार सन्चालन गर्न उक्त गाबिसका जनतालाई जागिरदेखि खोइ अरु के के चने अनि सबारी साधन भित्र्याउदा ५००% भन्न्दा कर लिएर सबारी जाम भयो भनेर स्थानियको उठिबास गर्न केहि नचाइने ? राजनितिक आडमा सुकुम्वासीलाई पूर्जा सहितको जग्गदिन सक्ने सरकारले पूर्जा भएकालाई सुकुम्वासी बनाउन पाइँदैन । तसर्थ आउनुस् अब पुरानो देखिको बहिखाता खोलौ आफ्नो स्वार्थको लागी नयाँ नयाँ नियम बिनियम बनाइ जनतालाई दुख्ख दिने सरकारसँग हिसाब चुक्ता गरुम् !

सडकले घर मिच्यो कि घरले सडक मिच्यो ?

Newa Mhasika
मेरो पुर्खाले यहाँ घर बनाँउदा न त यहाँ सडक थियो न त पेटी , पछी सडक बन्यो , सडकलाई पेटी आबश्यक भएकोले मेरो घरको घाम ताप्ने , बालबालिका खेल्ने , धान सुकाउने आँगन पेटीमा परिणत भयो , चुपचाप बसें । पछी शहरमा बाहिरको मानिसहरुको चाप बढ्यो , सडक साँघुरो भयो रे , उनिहरुको सुबिधाको लागी सडक फराकिलो गर्नु पर्ने भयो रे । सरकारले मेरो घर नै पर्ने गरी सडक मापदण्ड तोकिदियो , अब मैले सडक मिचेर घर बनाँए रे । अब भन्नुस सडक बन्नु भन्दा अगाडी बनेको घरले सडक मिच्यो कि पछी बनेको सडकले मेरो घर र आँगन मिच्यो ? तैपनी म सहेर बसें । अब हुँदा हुंदा सर्वच्च अदालतमा बिचारधीन रहेको र सरकारको नाममा रोकादेश भएको मुद्दामा सरकारले बर्दिधारिहरु तैनाथ गरी दिनडाहाडै मेरो घरमा दोजर लगाँउदा हामी निरिही जनता पिडित भयौं कि भएनौ ? यो कानुनी राज्यको उपहास हो कि हैन ?

उपत्यकाको जमिन भासिने खतरा!

Catchy quotes from internet

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  1. 15826884_1359675024084910_5609118812633483229_nuntitled13_01_2012_008_047

    sunaguthi
    https://www.facebook.com/Sunaguthi/

    15823192_766873783466931_4927509578076485822_n
    मल्ल कालदेखिनै याे पुरातात्त्विक पाटीले मापदण्ड नमानी बाटाे मिचेकाे रहेछ……भत्काइदेउ……..विकासलाई छेक्न मिल्छ ?

See more:

  1. सडक विस्तारबाट पीडित
  2. Air pollution and health Hazzard
  3. World’s third most polluted City : Kathmandu
  4. What is an Eco city?
  5. Significance of Mirrors in Newari religious courtyards
  6. Public Transport = Public Health
  7. Polluted politics
  8. Off the deep end
  9. Kyoto removing utility eyesores to revive old-time ambiance
  10. वज्र विवाद
  11. भूकम्पभन्दा डरलाग्दाे डाेजर अातंक
  12. ‘Air pollution killing double of what tobacco kills in Kathmandu’
  13. Road Expansion and Urban Highways: Consequences Outweigh Benefits in Kathmandu
  14. Kranti – Ashim Shakya
  15. The dust bowl http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-06-04/the-dust-bowl.html

Plagiarized from these blogs:

  1. A journey from Kathmandu to Dustmandu
  2. Current Road Expansion: A Four Lane Road To Unsustainability
  3. Outer Ring Road for Kathmandu Valley
  4. Displacement of Local Inhabitants in Kathmandu, Nepal

Although this article is not my creation at all, I have tried to sum up various ideas in the same article.

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